Developing Independent Learners

Like many others, this year has felt like an uphill struggle at times with my year 11 .. even though some students were enthusiastic and willing to put the effort in, a large chunk were quite happy to let me do all of the work!

To be honest, I think that this cohort of students were less motivated than in previous years (I certainly don’t remember it being like this before) but I was determined that this would be the last year that this happened… and so the GCSE ‘bootcamp’ started with my year 10 students!

For the first time I introduced the students to the coursework a lot earlier and set them a mock project rather than the longer series of skills workshops that I had usually spread over the first term up to Christmas. This allowed the students to get to grips with the assessment objectives and to fully understand how the projects were structured from an early stage. The main coursework project for GCSE textiles usually uses literature as a starting point. In previous years we have used ‘Alice in Wonderland’, this year we are moving onto ‘Romeo and Juliet.’ This encourages the students not only to read but to ‘see’ things in the text that can have the potential for development into textile outcomes.

20131129_162123_resized

In order to fully prepare students for the main event, the mini coursework project used ‘Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone’. This provided a rich variety of visual themes for students to work with (as well as a good excuse to visit Warner Brothers Studios for some primary recording!) Most importantly though, the mini coursework project which spanned about 12 weeks from start to finish, allowed students to fully appreciate the expectations of work quality for their Unit 1.

The students produced some lovely outcomes from the Harry Potter project and were able to apply a lot of the skills and techniques that they were introduced to in their initial few weeks of the course. The group really became a supportive network for each other and they all gradually got used to the concept of sharing ideas and group tutorials (none of them like these to start with and wouldn’t speak to each other!)

20131129_162158_resized

The most pleasing outcome from the project from a teaching perspective was the reflections produced at the end of the process. After the students were graded and provided feedback on their work against the assessment objectives they were asked to create a set of targets to support them in improving the quality of their work as they moved onto their ‘real’ coursework project. I had initially thought that they would create them individually and keep ideas to themselves.. so I was very surprised when they naturally all sat around the large table and started sharing ideas, mind mapping what they each thought and ultimatley created a shared list of ideas for the task! clearly the brainwashing was starting to work and they had all also developed an understanding of the beneift of the group support network/group tutorial approach that I had been trying to get them to feel comfortable with for the last 12 weeks.

harry potter outcomes

 

The student generated targets were:

  • They needed to be braver with their choices of materials (whether it is for recording form sources or for actual sample development.)
  • That they needed to present their research in more depth with a wider variety of inspiring visual information.
  • That they needed to think carefully about their annotations – fully explaining how they can develop things further rather than just stating ‘what’ it is.
  • That they needed to push ideas further and develop samples towards their final outcomes with consideration of all of their research sources.
  • That they needed to allow time for refinements before making their final outcomes.

 


The whole process of year 10 this year has provided a learning journey for everyone, not only the students, but also me. I now understand that it is possible to have a truly independent GCSE group, they just need to be pushed in the right direction and be included in the bigger picture from the start. The students now typically start every Monday lesson with a group critique and discuss their work with each other updating on research/samples added as they make progress through the Romeo and Juliet project. They are very aware of the need to support each other rather than to rely on me for their input. The most lovely thing about this whole process has been the way that the year 10 students have started to find ideas for each other – if they are researching at home, they often come to lessons with photocopies or weblinks for others in the group too for their starting points in addition to their own.

GCSE Tube map learning journey

To further support the students in their learning journey (and to also satisfy my slight obsession with tube maps) I have developed their GCSE learning journey into a tube map. All students have a copy of this clipped into the cover of their sketchbooks for them to track their own progress and to keep them focussed for the course. Another happy perk of this resource is that it made it a lot easier to communicate student progress at parents evening too – parents even went home with their own copy for the fridge! .. there is also a set of complimenting tracking documents with oyster card logos etc. the students think I’m totally bonkers but they seem to appreciate my crazy approach to planning and quite tragic excitement everytime I’ve made some other other resources for them that match the theme.

The bootcamp would appear to have been a success – at least for now. I only hope that the students continue to support and develop each other as they progress into year 11…. it will be exciting to see the variety of outcomes that they come up with for their Romeo and Juliet project, there are certainly some fab ideas being explored at the moment!

Mrs Arty-Textiles

 

 

Pinterest

Like so many others, I have discovered how fabulous Pinterest is as a teaching tool. The recent exams were made so much easier by adding inspirational images and artists to boards for students to research.

alevel boardAs well as the obvious use of Pinterest as a student research tool – what about teachers? Personally, I am totally a ‘visual learner’ ..I need the visual imagery and experience of actually ‘seeing things’ before I can fully develop ideas. With this in mind, I started sharing images of the work that my students do (in addition to the usual updates on here and the bits that are added to the #artcubed blog.)

So, if you fancy a more visual experience – why not come and visit me on Pinterest? GCSE board There are frequently updated pictures of my students fabulous work as well as a much more visual version of my ‘Textile Artists Directory’  to inspire fellow Arty teachers and students.

artist boardIf you haven’t used Pinterest before, it’s really easy – Just a word of warning in advance though… its slightly addictive!

Happy Pinning!

Mrs Arty-Textiles

http://www.pinterest.com/glwrps

Why do study habits of 6th form students in creative subjects differ from their KS4 study?

So.. I’ve pretty much finished my MA (secretly jumping around the room in celebration!) It has been a tough slog, enjoyable but hard work. I though I would share summary of my final work with you ..even if it is just to make me feel happy because I’ve been desperately trying to get this research to state of completion over the last year! I have edited quite substantially and tried to think of the most useful bits for you as the reader. I apologise in advance if its a bit too ‘researchy‘ for some – hopefully it could be useful in some cases.

 

Abstract

There are imminent changes to the way that our KS5 phase of our education system is taught and structured. By 2015, students will be required to stay in some form of education or work based training until they are 18 years old as well as being subjected to the huge curriculum reforms due for this teaching phase in order to raise standards. (Gove 2013)

With the changes to assessment structure, it is important for us to consider how students manage their learning at present. What is it about the current system that doesn’t work? Are there things that we can learn from our current cohort of 6th form students to ensure that the curriculum reform is a smooth and positive change?

This paper looks at the student perspective on the current KS5 system with a focus on students of creative subjects to explore how they manage their time and how they feel about their learning. The use of student voice is an essential tool in this research as it contextualises the current state of post 16 learning. With the structure of an Appreciative Inquiry, students steer the research and make suggestions to inform change and improve systems before developing curriculum structures and planning for new exam assessments become a priority for academic subject leaders.

Introduction

The way that children develop in their learning is a well understood area of education research. A particular focus in recent years has been placed on studying the way that children deal with transition between learning phases of their education and the way that this transition impacts on their future learning. Typically the transition between KS4 and KS5 level study has followed the same template for at least the last 15 years, my own experience of this phase of education does not differ that greatly to the experiences of students today. However, the education system has evolved somewhat in that time period since the recommendations of Sir Ron Dearing in his 1996 report resulting in implementation of curriculum reform for students aged 14-19 from the year 2000. This new way of learning, particularly in the post 16 phase of the education system, has put an increased pressure on students requiring them to demonstrate their learning through the summative assessment of AS level examinations at the end of year 12 rather than previously at the end of year 13. Recent reports from the DfE suggest that the credibility of A level study is lacking and that students are achieving higher academic grades than they deserve because of the modular systems that have been in place for the last 14 years. Further curriculum reform is planned for implementation from 2015 to reverse the way that A levels are assessed to provide students with a more sustained period of learning in the classroom before summative assessments at the end of a 2 year period in order to achieve their final grade outcomes. This system is anticipated to reflect the previous approach to A level study and encourage students to learn rather than the modular approach designed to encourage frequent re-sits as the course progresses to improve the overall grade outcome (Tomlinson 2002:12)

My own experience of teaching across the KS4 and KS5 age ranges is that there is a huge difference in the way that students approach their learning. Throughout the range of subjects taught within the 6th form there is a very varied range of results every year. My own subject area of Creative Art and Design Textiles is no exception to this trend. Even with detailed analysis every year and precise personalised support and intervention for the students, there are a number of students every year who (despite achieving good grades at GSCE level study in their creative subjects) fail to reach their potential when they progress onto AS level. It is this particular area that has prompted my research. The outcome of this study is not to look for a magical way of allowing students to access the highest A level grades, the research should result in a deeper understanding of how to approach the way that we provide post 16 learning opportunities for the students, the way that we support them in their learning and allow them to achieve their own potential within their chosen subject area. The proposed curriculum changes for A level study do appear to be a positive move and would allow students the space to grow and develop their confidence within the subject prior to their summative assessments. However, it would not be appropriate to make changes to the way we approach KS5 teaching and learning strategies without fully understanding how the students learn now.

In addition to my regular subject teaching I have recently taken on a school impact role to improve the attendance within the 6th form. Through observing behaviours of our 6th form students across the range of subject areas it would appear that the level of motivation in this phase of their education is quite varied. Even though I have a particular interest in how student attitudes to their work differs within creative subjects as they progress into 6th form, it has been interesting to see the wider context in which my research has been placed. The recent Ofsted inspection in the autumn term of 2013 highlighted how important it is for us to understand how to support the students in the learning at this phase in their education. It was particularly noted that students within the 6th form were being supported in their learning and that the standard of teaching had significantly improved, however, in a lot of cases across a range of subjects (including my own), students were still not achieving their target grades (Ofsted: Nov2013.) The observations made by Ofsted as well as my own perceptions of the way that students approach their KS5 studies has further confirmed the need for conducting research in this area. By delving deeper into the issue and researching the underlying reasons for the lack of attainment and change in students attitude to learning as they continue into KS5, a more informed support package could be offered. There are numerous changes due within the education system as a whole that will directly impact on the way that 6th form students are taught and assessed. Using my previous experience with the use of student voice as a research method, I think it is essential that we fully understand how the students feel about their experiences in relation to their 6th form studies to ensure that we can fully support them in achieving their potential in an increasingly competitive education system. With this in mind, I would like to pose the following questions for my research study:

  1. How do students manage their KS5 study compared to the way they learnt at KS4?
  2. What approach to learning do students prefer?
  3. What do students enjoy about their options at KS5?

 

 The Research Outcomes

The students were asked to  reflect on different aspects of their 6th form experience. An overview of the research findings is below:

Written Reflections

Looking at student workload

After the initial teething problems with students not feeling able to fully express their opinion because of the restrictions of the Appreciative Inquiry method, the written reflections provided additional insight into the students opinions of their studies. Participants were asked to reflect on the way that they felt about their workload as they began their year 13 phase of their courses as well as the way they prefer to complete their work and how they felt about the 6th form transition process. Comments were wide ranging in some cases but seemed to further clarify the visual imagery produced by the students within their illustrated reflections. On discussing the workload attached to their year 13 studies, students commented:

“Certain subjects have so much work to be completed, even in a week. I don’t have enough time”

“I thought I could manage, now I’m not so sure”

“I don’t know, I feel like I’m working harder, but I feel pressed to do better because of last year.”

“I feel like it is hard, there is a lot of work and it is sometimes hard to keep up. The workload hasn’t really changed since last year though.”

The overwhelming feeling of pressure and negativity attached to the reflections sampled above does demonstrate why the students felt restricted when asked to reflect in a positive way initially. Even though I wanted to gather constructive data to inform positive changes for the future, it would seem that the participants struggle to feel positive about their workload at KS5. This demonstrates why is was important for me to lift the limitations on the content of the participants reflections and allowed them to simply record what they feel, rather than just recording the positives.

Transition from KS4-KS5

When reflecting on their transition process, students commented on the structure of the school transition programme. It is important to note at this stage that the participating group are made up of a collection of students from 2 secondary schools with a combined 6th form:

Before we started in September we had a couple of lessons in July. This gave us an insight into how the course would be. However the transition then in September was very quick.”

“A good thing about the start of year 12 and the transition process was the couple of lessons before the start of the year to see what it was like, this made starting Year 12 less scary.”

“The good thing about moving to year 12 was studying the subjects that interest me, and fewer subjects to worry about. Also the independence, being in year 12 you gain a lot more independence than in KS4.”

Generally the participants were all in agreement that staying on into 6th form had been a positive choice and that they felt supported in their choices as they began their year 12 studies. This may seem at odds with the visual data created by students when reflecting on the same question, however, on looking closer at the nature of the images produced, students appear to have visualised their feelings about the workload and time management attached to progressing into 6th form rather than the transition process itself. The students written reflections on the transition process do support the visual data produced by students reflecting on their options choices for the 6th form (Fig 2.)

The best thing about 6th form

Even though I had eliminated the need to be fully positive within the written reflections, I still wanted the students to think deeply about 6th form in a positive way. Encouraging them to reflect on what they felt were the best things about their 6th form experience:

“The best thing about year 12 was learning all the new techniques that the course showed me in comparison to my GCSE.”

“The best thing for me about year 12 was the idea of having more freedom over what we chose to do, whilst also having the support of the teacher.

“The best thing about year 12 was learning new techniques”

There were lot of similarities between the comments made by the students. What was interesting was that they had particularly focussed on the best thing about their textiles lessons (my subject) even though it was not specifically asked for them to do so. This was possibly something that students had assumed should be the focus of their reflections – especially as they were completing their reflections within the textiles learning environment and in the company of the other participants at the end of their timetabled lessons? Even though this may seem to cause issues as the data produced has more of a bias towards my own subject, I think that the main ethos of the participants comments could be applied to any creative 6th form course. The general positives were focussed on the feelings of excitement at being introduced to new creative methods whilst being supported through their study by staff.

The difference in assessment style

When reflecting on the difference in assessment style and course structure between KS4 and KS5, students commented: 

I feel that with the style of learning in KS5 compared to KS4 you need to be organised.”

Learning in KS5 compared to KS4 is a totally different experience as in KS5 you feel more mature, and teachers treat you completely differently than they did when you were in year 11; it changes over the space of 3 months”

“I found that the style of learning from KS4 to KS5 has changed in the way that you are more independent and this means you have to stay motivated, and not rely upon a teacher”

“Once I had a better understanding of the work itself, it was relatively easy to generate ideas and get things finished but the work load was far greater than that of KS4; I struggled a lot with this.”

The students were mostly in agreement that there was an increased need for independence and that a more mature attitude to their workload was needed in order to be successful. This is an interesting development within the reflection process as the students had mostly commented on ‘independence’ being a positive thing when discussing their thoughts on the transition process. Within some of these comments it is clear that maybe some students do struggle to manage their time effectively and be fully independent in their learning even though it may seem appealing initially.

The research methods also included gathering visual data from  student participants and a series of interviews and focus groups to discuss in detail the ways that new support systems could be designed. The research model required participants to ‘dream’ about their ideal learning environment before then designing realistic outcomes as a group – this resulted in some interesting discussions as outlined below:

Discussion of Outcomes

This inquiry set out to explore ‘Why the study habits of 6th form students within creative subjects differs between KS4 and KS5’. The research was conducted following my own adaptation of an illuminative inquiry by using the main structure of the Appreciative Inquiry methodology to collect data to answer the following research questions:

  1. How do students manage their KS5 study compared to the way they learnt at KS4?
  2. What approach to learning do students prefer?
  3. What do students enjoy about their options at KS5?

 

How do students manage their KS5 study compared to the way they learnt at KS4?

One of the overwhelming themes from this inquiry has been that 6th form students are generally not able to manage their time effectively. This suggestion has been made not only by the participating students within the study but also by the participating teaching staff as well. The main difference between the style of learning from KS4 and KS5 is the need to be independent. This is not something that a student can learn over night, nor is it something that can be learnt on their own, it is something that needs to be gradually nurtured and perfected. The students seem to have developed a more mature attitude to their learning as they start their year 13 studies, however, it would be a greater benefit if this was a skill already in use at the start of year 12. It is apparent from the research that KS4 students do require a level of ‘spoon feeding’ in order to be successful. It is unclear as to the reasons for this although undoubtedly, the pressures on staff to get the students their target grades is likely to result in far more structured, prescriptive coursework to allow little room for error. Even though this would seem like a positive (it will achieve the target grades) it does little for promoting the students independence and preparing them for 6th form study. In some cases it may even provide the students with false hope by allowing them to achieve a higher grade than they would be capable of if they were to complete their KS4 studies in a more independent manner – allowing them to progress onto A level courses on the success of their KS4 but with little preparation for the sheer amount of work or quality needed to be successful. This issue would be resolved if the recommendations within the ‘Design and Delivery’ research phase for early transition to year 12 were adopted.

A concern raised within the review of the literature was that the students embarking on A level study as the reforms to the curriculum develop would need to be more independent and motivated to learn due to the more traditional linear style changes to assessment that are expected. If it is truly the case that students are already not managing their time effectively within the current system, this is something that is in need of attention. It may be the case that the modular assessment systems and the shorter time frame for the year 12 AS assessments at present do create a more pressured workload for students in the 6th form (just as it did when the curriculum 2000 system was reviewed 13 years ago.) However, there are students who manage to be successful and do manage their time effectively throughout their 6th form studies despite having the same increased pressures. The reasons for these students being able to manage their time better than others are endless, they could just be naturally more able to prioritise their workload, maybe they have a greater level of parental support or be more financially secure so do not need to spend time working outside of school. Regardless of the reasons, it is important to consider the needs of all students and improve the way that they manage their time and their coursework. It is clear from the reflections made by students that they prefer the more independent learning style of KS5 but struggle with understanding what is expected of them. This is further clarified by staff thoughts of year 12 attitude to learning. Considering the time constraints of the AS courses and the changes to learning styles within their new subjects, students feel overwhelmed by the new information at the start of their 6th form journey – even though they may not freely admit it themselves at the start.

It is clear from the research that students need a more carefully structured programme of transition to allow them to fully digest the new information in relation to their learning environment, new courses and in some cases new teaching staff too. Just as the discussions within the review of the literature, it is important to allow students to feel comfortable, informed and confident with their new pathway of learning so that they can be successful. This is even more important considering the fact that the setting for this research inquiry was conducted within is a joint 6th form that do not have collaborative learning opportunities lower down the age range. This is something that was recommended for change within the focus group sessions of the ‘Dream’ and ‘Design’ phases of the inquiry.

 

What approach to learning do students prefer?

The research findings particularly from the ‘Dream’ and ‘Design’ phases of this inquiry demonstrate that the students want to be able to complete more independent study within their free periods but do not feel that they presently have the facilities to do so. The level of practical work in particular within creative arts subjects in the 6th from does require a certain amount of commitment outside of timetabled lessons in order to complete work to a good standard. It is a possibility that a lack of suitable facilities results in students not completing work in free time, therefore giving the impression of poor work ethic. At present there is no particular designated study space within departments that students can use to work outside of their timetabled lessons, they need to compromise on their choice of environment by completing work at the side of a KS3 class being taught for example. Even though from a staff perspective, this offering would seem satisfactory, it is clear that students are not engaging with this and would prefer more exclusive study areas just for them.

An involvement in the process of assessment and structure of the course is also an essential. As with phases of learning lower down in their schooling, the inclusion of students in the assessment process usually results in them making more progress within their subjects. Although, with newer styles of learning, new examination boards and course requirements for each options subject at KS5 it is important that information is carefully communicated with students at regular points throughout their learning process. Students themselves suggested within their written reflections that ‘Once I had a better understanding of the work itself and how we were assessed it was relatively easy’ (Participant T: Discovery research phase.) I think that we underestimate how the students need time to adapt within each of their subjects as well as the way they settle into 6th form as a whole. Even students who had studied the subjects at KS4 suggested within their reflections that the workload and style of learning was quite different. This is probably to be expected considering that these students were from the partner school and had completed a different style of textiles course at KS4 compared to the course they were currently taking at KS5. If the anticipated A level reform in 2015 does transfer arts subjects back to a more linear two year qualification, students will have the benefit of having time to grow and adapt their learning styles within their new courses before the pressure of summative assessment. This considering the findings and reflections of students and staff within this inquiry, a two year linear A level would be my ‘Dream’ for change. 

 

What do students enjoy about their options at KS5?

The reflections from the student participants suggested that the level of independence did make their 6th form subjects more enjoyable than KS4. The students particularly commented on their ability to experiment and explore different techniques within the subject. These comments were made in connection to their textiles course, although the same could be said of any arts course within the KS5 phase as one of the main assessment areas is the students ability to experiment with materials and processes. This demonstrates that the style of course is well suited to the students and their enthusiasm for the subject hasn’t been suppressed by the burden of assessment as the review of qualifications had suggested was the case within the literature.

The participants identified the feeling of support from teaching staff but with a sense of freedom. Students were aware that they were able to make a lot more choices about their learning when compared to their KS4 courses; this was seen as a positive on the whole. Within their reflections, students recognise the support systems that are in place for them within their A level courses and that they had a responsibility for making progress in their subjects rather than ‘just relying on the teacher’ (Participant E: Discovery research phase.). A surprising aspect of their discussions within the focus group sessions was the ‘Dream’ to have more staff to act as ‘Mum’ figures within the 6th form to ensure that they stay on track with their work. Even though I can clearly see the benefits from a staff perspective, I’m unsure that the wider 6th form community would agree with their idea. The later discussions regarding the ‘Design’ of improved systems made a more suitable suggestion of an increased involvement with parents and more regular use of review and appraisal from the start of the year to ensure that their learning was on track.

Summary statement

“Why do the study habits of 6th form students within creative subjects differ from KS4 level study?”

It would appear that it is not the study habits of our students that changes as they continue their learning within the KS5 phase of their education, but simply the expectations of the assessment and education system. Students are treated very differently during their KS5 studies compared with their previous experiences of learning at KS4. This causes issues with standards of work produced and motivation to complete work. Environmental factor are also responsible for the supposed change to students work ethic, a lack of time, space and facilities are also partly to blame. Students are aware of their need to be independent in their learning in order to be successful – they just have no experience of it previously.

The landscape of post 16 education is changing, we need to make sure that we fully equip students with the necessary skills and support to be able to manage their studies and to ultimately be successful.

Areas for further research

Through the initial review of the literature I discussed the imminent changes to the education system – in particular the reform to A levels expected in 2015. The impact of this inquiry and the recommendations for change should allow students to feel more supported in their learning as they progress through their 6th from studies.

An area for further attention would be to explore the climate amongst students after systems have been put in place to improve the way they are supported as well as reviewing the way the changes to the assessment systems have impacted on them. It is important to note that even though this inquiry has made recommendations in the most meaningful way possible by including the use of students as researchers within the inquiry, the education system is ever changing and we need to ensure that we monitor how it changes and how those changes impact on the students within it.

 

It will be interesting to see what the future (and the imminent A level reform) will bring…

Thanks for reading!

Mrs Arty-Textiles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lost in Transition?

I have been musing over this subject for some time now – it is actually one of the main focus points for my final MA dissertation (that really should be finished now…am nearly there – honest!) As a part of my research I’ve found some interesting viewpoints on the way that students are recruited into KS5 level study – from the students themselves and thought it would be good to share.

There are so many elements of education changing all together that will impact on the current cohort of KS4 students; Raising the age of participation to 18, A level reforms (not set to be in place until 2015) as well as the other numerous changes that these students have already had to go through with their GCSE level study as the education system moves towards more linear assessment structures. I think it is underestimated how much the changes actually affect the students themselves – they have things done ‘to them’ rather than involving them in the process and allowing them to feel a part of it.

As a part of my research I used the opinions and reflections of current 6th form students to see what the current climate is before the changes to this area of education – how the students currently feel about their 6th form experience. The reflections were visual and written, it is the visual data that I find most interesting (what is the expression? – “a picture tells a thousand words!?”)

In response to how current year 13 students felt about their transition /options and induction process, a sample of students produced the following:ma research

The first thing that I thought when I collated the data was ‘wow, our students were stressed!’ this is something that has maybe always been the case – after all, A levels are supposed to be hard work? right? Although, when you consider that this group of students should feel comfortable with the current system – its tried, tested and been in place for a while now (since I did my A levels in fact!) … that’s when the questions start. How do we improve the way that students feel about their transition from KS4-KS5?  This is even more important when we take into consideration the changes that are imminent to the KS5 phase over the next couple of years – we need to get it right.

At the moment, I guess it is a bit of an unknown as to how the current Year 11 will deal with the transition to KS5 (whichever pathway they choose.) I do think that we need to learn from the current situation – not just the staff opinions of how they think students feel about their 6th form experience, but from the students themselves.

In some ways I suppose we like to treat 6th form as mature students who have a good understanding of how the education system works, this may be the case with a handful of individuals – but they are after all (for the initial term at least) pretty much year11 in their own clothes… They haven’t suddenly conducted a sustained period of independent reading on how A levels and KS5 study differs from KS4, researched the importance of self motivated study and having a good work ethic (although it would be nice if they had!) So it is down to us to make sure that the grounding is in place before they start. In essence, making sure that they don’t get ‘lost in the transition process’ and seriously underestimate what KS5 is about and the expectations that there will be on their level of commitment to their subjects after the summer.

In ALL cases through my research, the current 6th form students said that on reflection, they didn’t really fully understand the difference between KS4 and KS5 until they were fully ‘in the thick of it.’ ..Some even suggested that hey would have preferred to start their 6th form studies for a month before the summer (in year 11) to fully prepare them for year 12!

So, there is no great revelation to this blog entry – just a small part of the research really (and obviously just my humble perspective on what is such a HUGE subject.) However, hopefully something that might inspire people to ask their own students ‘how’ things can be improved, even just from an individual subject basis. Perhaps also from a wider viewpoint, some thought about what makes ‘good transition’ as we approach the exam season and plans for the new academic year draw near. I know that I have plans to improve the approach from my new year 12 group (within my own subject) for September – Maybe this could filter through to all subjects as a result of the research? … but who knows!

…and now – on with the dissertation write up!

 

Mrs Arty-Textiles

 

Developing the link between research & development

In the time that I have been teaching KS4 Art Textiles, I have really noticed that there are issues in the way that the students make links between the research phase of their project work and their sampling and development. This issue is usually ‘ironed out’ by the end of the first term in year 10 after an intense phase of skills workshops and a mini project to introduce students to GCSE level study. However, I couldn’t help thinking that this could be easily be a core element of the KS3 projects (particularly within year 9) to ensure that students can settle into their KS4 course and get onto the ‘good stuff’ a bit quicker!

Like other Textiles teachers, I teach D&T textiles for KS3 and then Art and Design Textiles for KS4 and 5. It is a challenge at times to  make sure that year 9 fully understand the shift in assessment style for GCSE level study when they select their options – particularly when they may currently be in the middle of a D&T assessed textiles project!

This year, the hope is to keep things simple – skills based mini projects to develop the way that students gather research and then develop into mixed media decorative textile surfaces. By particularly focussing on the research and design development assessment areas during year 9, students will have the opportunity to refine their visual communication skills (with ideas being pushed to become far more creative and drawing based.) The hope is that this will prepare students more gradually for the KS4 course as well as giving them a chance to develop presentation skills that would be of benefit for any D&T or Art course option choice.

…of course, the usual challenge with teaching across 2 areas is ensuring that assessment is accurately reported. Even though I will be aiming for students to develop creative art textiles skills and their drawing ability in readiness for KS4, students will be assessed against KS3 D&T NC level criteria. I anticipate that the assessments will have a research, design and practical focus to allow a range of skills and support my fellow D&T colleagues by continuing with the consistent approach to assessment in the department.

Project one starting point: ‘Cells’. An overview of the project:

Recording from sources: Students will research scientific diagrams, microscopic visual sources and create drawings using varied media to record their findings.

Looking at the work of others: Students will be introduced to the work of other artists who use similar starting points, for example, the fabulous work of Laura Katherine Mcmillan would inspire some lovely textile pieces.

Contextual research:Students will complete their own contextual research into cells to inspire their project developments.
cell layers
Developing ideas: Visual development and sampling with all cell research and added design influences from animation cells. Students to develop their annotation skills and make links between the different strands of their work.
Development sampling towards final piece or collection of final pieces inspired by the full body of research and drawing work.
petri dish final piece
A neat and compact research and development project to enable students to see Textiles in a different light before making KS4 choices but still staying true to the essence of the D&T curriculum assessment requirements
… I hope to be able to share lots of fabulous scientific Textile art pieces with you over the next term as the project progresses!
Mrs Arty-Textiles

#Nurture1314 Reflection

A bit of a teacher focussed entry to the blog, not an easy one to write either! #nurture1314 blog entries promote reflection on the past year and planning for the year ahead. I have to say, the most difficult thing about this process initially was thinking of enough things to discuss – 13 successes from the past year and 14 resolutions for the year ahead. However, as with all periods of self-reflection, inspirations comes eventually.. it just needs time!

In no particular order… 13 successes from the last year:

  1. Notification from Edexcel of my appointment as a qualification writer: I am still awaiting my first ‘task’ but it is nice to know that my subject knowledge can be put to use to support the development of new qualifications.
  2. Being able to use my research: this year I have been able to use the findings from my Masters in Education course to benefit my teaching (and also support others with the resources that have been developed.) At the time of conducting the research and typing up the assignments I’m never sure whether starting the course was a good idea – it is nice when the benefits can be seen, it makes the constant balancing act between work, student and family life seem a worth it.
  3. Lovely feedback from the GCSE moderator: was a real confidence boost to know that the way that I teach and assess the students is as the exam board want it.
  4. Matching resources: this may seem like a trivial addition to the list (however, number 6 is probably worse!) but there is something about having all of my resources matching, colour coded and in order that makes me feel better about using them! …I know, I do have ‘issues’!
  5. Some really good House assemblies: In my role as Head of House it falls on me to plan and prepare our assemblies. There have been a few this year that I have been pleased with, the year 11 leavers assembly was pretty fab – reflecting back on their successes and giving awards. The best this year has got to be the Anti-Bullying assembly though. It was a bit of a stretch to get it together on time but it was really worth the effort… some brilliant feedback from staff (and even Ofsted inspectors!) and you could hear a pin drop when the kids were watching it – it was absolutely how I wanted it to turn out. One thing that did catch me by surprise was how emotional I got when watching it! Even though I’d spent so much time preparing and editing it ready for the presentation, I hadn’t anticipated how it would come across on the big screen with the music and the slideshow of all of the really personal stories from staff and students (including me) to say why they were bullied – I did get tearful when I had to speak to the hall full of 250 students after. I guess that it just made it more hard hitting (was pretty embarrassing though!)
  6. My tidy Cupboard: for most people, this will seem like a ridiculous thing to have as a ‘success’ for the year… although, if you knew the constant battle with the cupboard (that is HUGE and the size of a small classroom) then you would understand. The cupboard is even tidy and organised enough to have been turned into a 6th form study room now – it was a Christmas present to my 6th form students, ‘space to learn’ (they even have their own iron – lucky things!)
  7. Making Twitter friends: sharing with like- minded people has been invaluable this year. Even though some evenings the conversation may only be to check in and say ‘hi’, having the opportunity to be included in other people’s day t day teaching has been a lovely thing. We all get caught up in our own teaching habits – by sharing with others from other schools it allows us to understand how to improve and most importantly, what we are already doing well.
  8. Keeping up with the blog: when I started this a couple of years ago I never imagined that it would be anything that anyone would read! I guess it was a space for me to put photos etc. in one place for me to read through later.. this year I have just over 17000 views – which I have to admit, kind of blows my mind! I know that compared to other teacher blogs, my viewing stats are minute, however, when you consider that Art Textiles is such a niche area, it’s pretty amazing that so many people come and read my ramblings..  and I guess if you’re reading this, that includes you – so thank you x
  9. Sharing my resources: in keeping with the blog and all things ‘virtual,’ I began sharing my teaching resources this year through the TES. I know some people don’t agree with the principals of the resources section of the site and don’t like to give their hard work for free when others make money from it, and I do see their point, although if something works for me and I think it could be useful for others, I upload. Obviously, I don’t share everything…. I’m saving a few pearls of wisdom back for the ‘Mrs Arty Textiles guide to creative teaching’ book! (A dream, probably sadly never to be a reality!)
  10. Being appointed as a visiting moderator: It’s early days with this, as I only found out in the Autumn – I am all set for extra training and trips to learn how to be a visiting moderator for Edexcel A level Art and Design Textiles… after a 4 month wait to find out, it was a lovely surprise in my inbox!
  11. The keys to the Art Dropbox: again, a link to the virtual network and the lovely arty folk on Twitter (especially @pennyprilezky) – being able to share ideas, resources and general fabulous stuff has been amazing – It’s only been a fairly recent thing, but it’s brilliant seeing the updates on my computer telling me that there’s been something new added into the box!
  12. A personal one, my 2 amazingly talented children: full time work with a family isn’t without it’s challenges – I am so pleased that in some bizarre way my constant strive for perfection in my work has seemed to rub off on my own kids too. Some fab comments at parents evening this term and a trickle of head teacher awards for both of them this term. My daughter Ruby (nearly 8 years old) is really showing a talent for all things arty textiles – she is a real perfectionist with her work and has produced written work and creative stuff that would sit quite nicely alongside some of our KS3 kids at school – so proud. My Son, Ben (5 years old) had a shaky start at school last year – probably because he is an August baby, he was more bothered about playtime, lunchtime and home time! This year he really seems to have grasped it and enjoys his work.. he LOVES building and I can see him developing a real talent for construction, he seems to have such patience now and takes a pride in his work, he even asks to do his reading at home now!! It’s a miracle!
  13. Ofsted Outstanding: …and finally – I was observed during the recent visitation, some really interesting and positive comments on the time the inspector spent in  my lesson – Textiles even got a mention in the final report!

 

And 14 things for next year…

  1. Keep up with the #artcubed blog and upload at least one ‘cube’ every week – it is a fabulous resources full of inspiring ideas, thank you to the lovely @jobaker for keeping it going.
  2. Keep adding to my own blog – I aim to keep things relevant and interesting with lots of updates to the resources section this year!
  3. To complete my MA in Education. I am currently battling through my dissertation – regardless of how tense it will be, the whole thing is completed by August 2014. There’s a hell of a lot of work to do before then, but it’s good to know that by this time next year, it will all be done.
  4. To try and see more people teaching.. this may seem a little odd but as a profession we are quite isolated really. I would really like to go and watch other people teaching without anyone feeling the pressure of being judged – simply just to share ideas and different ways of doing the job.
  5. To do more with the kids – my own that is. As much as I like the idea of progressing in my job and gaining more responsibility, there have been rather too many occasions that have been they have been rushed about, late for or even missed – mainly due to me working. I need to remember that my job is just a job, I love what I do and I aim to do it to the best of my ability but my own kids have to come first.
  6. Get weaving again! My degree is actually in Woven textile design, there was a big period of time that I spent at Uni pretty much attached to a loom for long hours ..and I LOVED it. Sadly, there hasn’t been the time in recent years, I have made sure that the new level 3 course I am due to teach from September has a Weave module to give me the excuse to get back on the loom!
  7. Start ‘the book’ – In all likelihood this won’t happen, but as far as I see it, if I can write a blog, I can write a book! I am sure that no one would buy it so it would probably have to be a free kindle download! … I really would like to see something in paper, it would make all the sharing ideas, the planning, the research etc.  all seem worthwhile.
  8. Stop buying heels – they are beautiful (and actually surprisingly comfortable – honest!) however, I do have to remember that they do not do my back any good!! Sensible shoes only for work from now on.. doesn’t mean that they have to be boring though, Irregular Choice do flats too!
  9. Share more photographs – I take HUNDREDS of pictures of family, student work and gallery visits etc. but I only seem to share a tiny amount of them. Even if I just get around to printing off the pictures of the kids I think I would see this as an achievement!
  10. Make time for me. Fairly straight forward I guess – the ultimate would be to have weekends ‘work free’, not sure if this could actually always be the case, but it’s worth a try.
  11. Take some inspiration from Hogwarts – something that I genuinely really want to do is to develop our house system to become a Hogwarts style affair.. I’m talking full embroidered banners/flags/house point counters (quidditch!??)
  12. Try to actually eat lunch and have a break every day at work rather than just surviving on coffee. I reckon that this is going to be the most difficult one, I think it will probably develop into eating sandwiches whilst giving exam group tutorials but at least the ‘eating’ part will still be there!
  13.  Visit more galleries and artists. As much as it will benefit work stuff, it will just be fun too.
  14. Learn to say NO! I have always prided myself on the fact that I help out and support others ALWAYS. Don’t get me wrong, I will still continue to do this because it is important, but this year I need to learn to assess the task before blindly saying ‘yes’.. maybe I need to learn to negotiate a bit more too and get a bit bolder with the things I agree to.

 

Mrs Arty-Textiles

GCSE Arty Textiles – Ofsted feedback

Well, last week we had a little visitation from Ofsted.. and I got ‘done’ during my year 11 GCSE Art Textiles lesson. I thought it was only right to share some of the key points of the feedback from the inspector from the half an hour she spent in my lesson.. pretty much the same as I would for exam moderation every year to support my fellow creative teachers.

Like anyone else, I always hope for an ‘outstanding’ grade from an observation (to be honest, I would’ve been happy with a ‘good’ considering how chaotic my year 11 lessons can be!) It would appear that on this occasion, I got something right and got the grade 1. However, It certainly wasn’t because I did anything particularly spectacular for the benefit of 20131119_230022_resizedour visitors, far from it in fact – I just did my lessons as I normally would. Yes, I did spend some time writing out my own versions of the 5 minute lesson  plan for  each of my lessons across the 2 days. Okay, so I admit to spending slightly longer than 5 minutes on each plan, but I felt the need to colour them in too – it made me feel happy that I’d pinpointed the key aspects of the lesson (and they all looked prettier that way!) The key thing for me though was that I didn’t change anything that I was originally intending to teach.

The Feedback

The main aspects of the feedback for my lesson observation really demonstrated that actually we as creative arty types have the easiest tools to fit the Ofsted criteria, the 3 main aspects that were discussed are outlined below:

All students working on their own personal projects and towards their own outcomes – I am sure that this is mostly the same in all creative subjects, particularly at KS4 or KS5 level. All of my year 11 students were busy and working on their own coursework projects with a clear idea of what they were doing, where they were going and how to get there. It may well be the case that the good old pressure of the deadline came into play slightly (they have until Christmas to complete their work.) However, all students ‘being busy’ and feeling the pressure of the deadline helped to create a productive working atmosphere which was obviously seen as a big positive.

Well differentiated learning and targeted intervention – Because all of the students were working through their own projects, the lesson was essentially like 18 different lessons occurring simultaneously. This is something that occurs naturally in most art based subjects – the teacher has to have an amazing capacity to commit details of ALL students individual projects to memory so gentle coaxing and steering towards suitable outcomes can occur discreetly but with the student maintaining creative control. It was particularly commented that the assessment monitoring systems in place were a good way to identify students in need of intervention and students who would benefit from a gentle push towards the higher grade bands. All students in my group have their own personalised set of agreed targets from the start of the academic year when all work was scrutinised and graded. This has enabled students to work independently towards their outcomes over the course of the term, the monitoring of these targets takes place every lesson to assess progress. This lesson was no different to any other.

Individual tutorials for assessment – I favour an individual tutorial approach conducted during the lesson, rather than taking the sketchbooks in and taking them home to ‘mark’. Firstly, it is far more time efficient, but more importantly the tutorial method allows assessment criteria to be discussed with students with key aspects of their work pinpointed to explain where the evidence for their grade is. The students record the verbal feedback on a tutorial slip before continuing with the lesson. It may seem a simple, some might say a ‘work avoidance’ method of assessment, however, it was seen as being a truly personal approach to assessment. The tutorial method fully involves the students in the process rather than receiving assessment feedback without chance to discuss 1:1. The inspector particularly liked the fact that student assessment information was being updated on my tracking spread sheet as a result of each tutorial so that each student can see their progress in lessons contributing to their grade prediction as they work through their targets.

..And that’s about it. There were other elements of the feedback that picked up on the things that we know Ofsted are looking for; the style of questioning, behaviour, and student enthusiasm for learning to name but a few. However, the points outlined above seemed to me to be the easiest aspects to transfer across the key stages to support teachers of all  creative subjects.

Even if you read this and think, “Yes, that sounds like what I do already”, then I hope that at the very least it has confirmed that you are doing a fabulous job as you are. I know that I can certainly learn from the feedback and will now endeavour to bring more of the positive elements from my KS4 and KS5 lessons into the design and planning of my KS3 lessons.

Mrs Arty-Textiles

 

 

Year 10 skills development: experimenting with natural dyes

As part of their developing skills, year 10 Art Textiles students have been experimenting with natural dyes today. ..aided by their inspiration from the Harry Potter themed project, they were working with mud, grass, weeds and tea for today’s samples. Today we have focussed on the use of cold water dyes and how different strengths of colour can be produced to make their developing ideas for the project far more interesting that using flat pre-dyed fabrics and thread.

SONY DSC

SONY DSC

Next lesson they are all set for experimenting with vegetable dyes using the hot dye method (bubbling dye product in a pan with water and fabric/thread etc.) so that the students can make comparisons between the two different approaches to colouring their materials.

It really is such a lovely thing watching students discover that there is more to colouring fabrics than procion dyes and fabric paint from a bottle – and even though I know already which methods are likely to work best, encouraging students to explore the process for themselves seems to work better in the long run as they learn the limitations of the different techniques and processes (and get marks for their experimentation for AO2.)

I’m already looking forward to pumpkin dye next lesson!

Mrs Arty-Textiles

Assessing Without Levels…Really!?

As much as I like to stay quiet on all things political ..after reading through the DFE advice for how they think schools should ‘assess without levels’ from September 2014, I felt a tad frustrated.

“As part of our reforms to the national curriculum , the current system of ‘levels’ used to report children’s attainment and progress will be removed.  It will not be replaced.

We believe this system is complicated and difficult to understand, especially for parents. It also encourages teachers to focus on a pupil’s current level, rather than consider more broadly what the pupil can actually do. Prescribing a single detailed approach to assessment does not fit with the curriculum freedoms we are giving schools.” (www.education.gov.uk)

I have to say, as both a teacher and a parent I find this advice a bit insulting. Firstly, yes I suppose the DFE are correct that sometimes National Curriculum levels are a bit tricky to understand, particularly when discussing progress at parents evening! However, I really feel that for all parties involved (staff, parents AND students), a levelled system is the best way for current progress to be clearly understood. Maybe things need to be tightened up a little – or even re-worded to translate the confusing ‘Ed speak’ that we often slip into.. but to get rid of the consistent assessment system  altogether!? There are too many issues that spring to mind for future years; inconsistency in assessments across the country lower down in school (particularly in KS3) could prove to be problematic for progression into KS4 & 5. Words can’t really express how I feel about the suggestion that we ‘pigeonhole’ students in to level boxes and don’t consider their wider skills and abilities!! Surely that is what teaching is – to enable students to develop at their own pace and achieve their potential in all of their subjects with support and encouragement from their subject teacher? (maybe I’m in a bizarre minority here with my view of the profession!?)

Developing assessment systems that work for EVERYONE is important and something that I have spent a lot of time on over the last couple of years. My research into student friendly assessment systems for D&T have proved that a levelled system does work and really is the best way to allow students to understand their current ‘place’ on their journey through the subject as well as what they need to do to make progress.

D&T NC project criteria booklet

The document above was developed with the students to allow them to have a voice in the way that the assessment worked for D&T. This system has proved to work very effectively and is influencing design and developments of other curriculum areas in school. I wonder if the DFE consulted any students before their conclusions were made to scrap the levelled assessment systems??

 

Phew!…Rant finished

Mrs Arty-Textiles

Harry Potter Year 10 GCSE Project – Research

SONY DSCMy year 10 students are full of enthusiasm this week after starting their research into the main themes of Harry Potter prior to developing their creative ideas. The literature is quite simply bursting with visual inspiration – at the moment they have only used one chapter (Diagon Ally: philosophers Stone) to identify visual information, but there are so many exciting things already.

Students are now creating their own starting points for the project by categorising the information that they have identified. The work will be inspired further with our research trip to Harry Potter studio tour in a couple of weeks!

I can’t recommend this project enough – I jut can’t quite believe that I havent used Harry Potter as a starting point before now !

 

Mrs Arty-Textiles